also known as PILES

Having piles is not really something we like to admit to having. Don’t worry, it is very common and statistics show that half of the people you know will have had this problem, and will have kept quiet about it.

As you are visiting this website, the chances are that you: have piles, think you have piles or know someone who has piles. The best thing to do is see your doctor and have them looked at, your doctor will see many people with haemorrhoids and will give you the best advice to solve the problem. 

If you have been told by your doctor that you have haemorrhoids (piles) you can get Hemocane Cream by clicking here.


You must seek medical advice from your doctor if think you may have piles. If you pass any blood or see any blood in the toilet or on the toilet tissue, go to see your doctor straight away.
REMEMBER - Don't ignore it... Treat it! 

What are Haemorrhoids (Piles)?

Haemorrhoids/piles are a swelling of blood vessels that form in the lining of the anus, in and around the lower rectum. The small blood vessels in this area can become widened and develop into swellings called haemorrhoids/piles. haemorrhoids/piles can develop for no apparent reason, however, the most likely cause is due to the pressure that often builds in and around the anus, the more pressure leads to a greater risk of developing haemorrhoids/piles.

There are three types of haemorrhoids/piles

Swollen blood vessels that develop from inside the rectum.

When an internal haemorrhoid becomes enlarged, it can eventually protrude and hang outside of the anus. This can be very uncomfortable.


These are swellings that are visible on the outside of the anus, normally dark red in colour and may vary in size. This can be a very painful condition.

Symptoms of Piles

Internal Haemorrhoids

These form in the back passage about 2–4 cm above the rim (opening) of the anus. Their severity and size are classified into grades 1 to 4.

Symptoms can vary. Small haemorrhoids are usually painless. The most common symptom is bleeding after going to the toilet. Larger haemorrhoids may cause a mucous discharge, some pain, irritation and itch. The discharge may irritate the skin around the anus. You may have a sense of fullness in the anus, or a feeling of not fully emptying your rectum when you go to the toilet.

A possible complication of haemorrhoids that hang down (grade 3–4) is a blood clot (thrombosis) which can form within the haemorrhoid. This is uncommon, but causes intense pain if it occurs.

External Haemorrhoids

(sometimes called a perianal haematoma) - This is less common than internal haemorrhoids. An external haemorrhoid is a small lump that develops on the outside edge of the anus. Many do not cause symptoms. However, if a blood clot forms in the haemorrhoid (a thrombosed external haemorrhoid) it can suddenly become very painful and need urgent treatment. The pain due to a thrombosed external haemorrhoid usually peaks after 48–72 hours, and then gradually goes away over 7–10 days. A thrombosed external haemorrhoid may bleed a little for a few days. It then gradually shrinks to become a small skin-tag.

Some people develop internal and external haemorrhoids at the same time.

CAUSES of Piles

What causes Piles? The exact reason why these changes occur and lead to haemorrhoids forming is not clear. Some haemorrhoids seem to develop for no apparent reason. However, it is thought that the pressure in and around the anus can be a major factor in many cases. If the pressure in and around the anus is increased, then it is thought that this can lead to haemorrhoids developing.

The causes of haemorrhoids can vary for many reasons, being:


Passing large stools (faeces), and straining at the toilet. These increase the pressure in and around the veins in the anus and seem to be a common reason for haemorrhoids to develop.


The tissues in the lining of the anus may become less supportive as we get older.


Some people may inherit a weakness of the wall of the veins in the anal region.


A poor diet where not enough fibre is taken is a major cause of constipation which leads to haemorrhoids.

The key to recognising the condition and seeking rapid treatment, should also include a visit to the pharmacy or your doctor when symptoms persist.

Who gets them?

Almost all of us have the potential of getting Haemorrhoids at some point and the cause is not always clear, however, it would seem that certain occupations and activities may be a contributing factor. Anyone who is sits for extended periods of time are potentially more at risk of developing piles. Below are some examples of occupations and leisure activities where sitting for long periods could become a risk factor. Please see the section on Prevention of Piles to see what you can do to minimise the chance of getting them.

Office workers, Call Centre workers, Truck and van drivers, Taxi drivers, Couriers, Supermarket cashiers

Motor Cycling, Cyclists, Horse Riding, Watching TV/Gaming


Anyone can find themselves suffering with haemorrhoids, nearly all of us will suffer with this at some point in our lives.

Haemmorhoids seem to be more common in the western world when compared to countries in Asia and Africa. The most likely reason being the lack of Fibre in the Western diet, too many processed and refined foods can cause constipation which sometimes contributes to the cause of Haemorrhoids (Piles)

Your lifestyle can help minimise the risk of developing haemorrhoids:

  • Eat plenty of fibre
  • Reduce your intake of processed and refined foods
  • Drink plenty of water and fruit juices
  • Regular exercise
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Avoid too much tea and coffee
  • Avoid sitting down for long periods
  • Reduce stress levels (exercise/relaxation)
  • Go to the toilet regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Quit smoking
  • Be hygiene conscious
  • Avoid wearing tight clothes





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